When to Plant a Garden in Texas (Tomatoes, Vegetables.)

When to Plant a Garden in Texas?

Texas is a great place to cultivate a garden. The climate is excellent with abundant sun and a fair share of rainfall. There is also a long growing season, which is good news for all intending farmers. We will discuss the basic things you need to know about the best time to plant your garden in Texas.

You might live on the high plains of North Texas or the hot Rio of Grand valley; you can overcome some resistance and the elements for you to grow a beautiful garden. You will, however, need to observe some rules and learn, but we are confident that the resources on this article can help you towards growing a perfect garden in Texas.

When you consider the climate of Texas, it is essential to strategize your vegetable cultivation. When you know the best time to plant your vegetables, you can have a productive garden with a good harvest.

Texas Seasons

There are four seasons in Texas, like every state in America. Texas, however, stands out because it experiences short Spring and Fall seasons. The heat period is usually extreme and commences late February towards the late fall.

You need to structure your cultivation period as excessive heat affects the thriving of some crops. For your plants to thrive, you need soft tilled earth for cultivation. Also, your garden should be free of rocks, weed, and grass. While this is not proven, many Texans know that your crop will be pretty productive if the plants are cultivated in an East-West direction, rather than a North-South Direction.

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When to Plant in Texas

Compared to states in the Northern part of the U.S., gardening in Texas for the spring starts earlier. The last frost appears around Mid-March. Making it perfect to plant crops like cucumbers, watermelon, zucchini, corn, tomatoes, okra, peas, beans, and cantaloupe.

There are times frost appears so late. This calls for protecting your tender plant with cloths to avoid frost damage. You can also cultivate the plants listed in the paragraph above in another season. In addition to the ones listed above, you can cultivate carrot, turnips, sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, and Brussels sprouts in July-September.

There are some vegetables that thrive in the winter. If you do not mind winter gardening in Texas, vegetables like beets, asparagus, onions, and beets will germinate well.

Your Planting Season and Frost Date

One of the significant factors that determine when to plant is the frost date. According to many expert farmers, the last frost date in spring is the green light to start planting. The frost date varies based on your location.

Also, based on past observations, frost can occur after the predicted date. With this, you need to be careful and wait a couple of days before you start planting. There is a huge possibility your seeds could freeze to death if you sew them directly on the ground.

As there are high temperatures in Texas, the temperature can get very low as well, triggering snow. We have a table to explore some areas in Texas alongside the last frost date. The last frost date is the date in spring in which you could have a devastating frost. For some selected cities in East Texas, these are the last frost date.

 Cities In TexasFrost Date
1.AustinMarch 11-20
2.DallasMarch 21-31
3.HoustonMarch 11-20
4.San AntonioMarch 21-31
5.WacoApril 1-10

Growing Your Seed Indoors

Many vegetables that grow in Texas can be cultivated indoors, except the few ones that need direct planting on the ground. These vegetables can be nurtured inside, safe from the harsh weather, and transplanted once the outdoor is favorable. Some of the benefits of these are:

  • Cultivating early gives you an early start. This translates to tremendous crops to enjoy throughout the season.
  • This allows you to focus on healthy plants alone as you quickly detect the weak ones and destroy them.
  • Should there be a sudden frost, you have nothing to fear.

We recommend the following seeds and vegetables if you want to attempt indoor gardening. You should sew cabbage, broccoli, beets, peas, spinach, tomato, lettuce, and kale.

Be sure to read the cultivation instructions, which will guide you on when to plant and transfer.

Outdoor Cultivation

Once the soil is warm and you are confident that there is no more frost, you can cultivate seeds like corn, carrots, and beans. These seeds need a soil temperature of at least 70F to germinate.

You can also plant the vegetables we listed up there mid-August. You will also get a good harvest before the next frost date (first week of November to December first week as well). This is one of the advantages of gardening in Texas – the availability of a long growing season. With this, you have a second chance to correct any flaw should you mess up the first attempt.


Hopefully this article answered your question on when to plant a garden in Texas. Following the tips, you can have a continuous supply of vegetables and plants from your garden in Texas all year round. If you can be strategic about it, it is possible. We have recommended various plants that suit different growing seasons.

When planting, be sure you are aware of the frost schedule of your locality. There are resources online where you can get such information. Planting some crops indoor will also save you time and money. This way, when frost attacks, your plant will be saved.

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